Does God Exist?
Does God Really Exist?
by: Finnis Jennings Dake



Psalm 14:1 
"To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good." 

The Hebrew definition of the word "fool" is as follows:

a[fool] Hebrew: nabal, stupid, wicked, impious, vile, to fall away, lightly esteem. Translated "fool" (Psalm 14:1; Psalm 53:1; 2 Samuel 3:33; 2 Samuel 13:13; Job 30:8; Proverbs 17:7,21; Proverbs 30:22; Jeremiah 17:11); foolish (Deut. 32:6,21; Job 2:10; Psalm 39:8; Psalm 74:13,22; Ezekiel 13:3); and vile person (Isaiah 32:5-6). 

b[said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good]

Two things fools say:
1.There is no God (Psalm 14:1; Psalm 53:1).
2.Take your ease, eat, drink, and be merry (Luke 12:18-19).

c[There is no God]

Ten "Isms" in Error about God

1.Atheism. A denial of the existence of God. This is the belief of fools (Psalm 14:1; Psalm 53:1). 

2.Agnosticism. Not knowing—I do not know. It denies the ability to know God, or that God can be known. This is contrary to Scripture which pictures God as being clearly understood, even to His eternal power and Godhead.

3.Polytheism. The belief in many gods—gods for everything in nature and for every phase of life. This is the result of apostasy (Romans 1:21-25).

4.Pantheism. All is God—God is in all things, animals, trees, etc. This teaching, like others, is a result of apostasy (Romans 1:21-25).

5.Dualism. Two eternal and opposing principles, or beings—one good and the other evil.

6.Deism. God created the world, as a watchmaker fashions a watch, and set it in motion to run by itself without divine interference. This is based on natural reasoning, with disbelief in revealed religion and the supernatural dogmas of Christianity; natural religion based on reason.

7.Monism. All things are made of one substance; man and God are one in essence and substance, though not necessarily the same individuals. The whole universe and each thing in it is a manifestation of God.

8.Materialism. This denies any distinction between mind and matter. All manifestations of life and all forces are properties of matter. It gives priority to matter rather than mind. Man's brain secretes thought as the liver secretes bile. Man is a mere machine, not responsible for his actions.

9.Metaphysicalism. This is the speculative theory of mind over matter. Everything is mind; there is no matter. God is universal mind. Matter, material creations, sin, death, a personal God, a personal Christ, a personal Holy Spirit, atonement, sickness, pain, suffering, a personal devil, demons, and angels are said to be errors of the mortal mind.

10.Unitarianism. A doctrine which denies the Divine Trinity. See The Trinity.

d[is no God]

Eight Arguments for God's Existence

1.Creation. That the material worlds had a beginning is not only declared by Scripture, but is confirmed by geology, astronomy, and other sciences. Everything begun owes its existence to some producing cause greater than its production. Since creations are great, the cause of them must be infinitely greater. The cause must be intelligent and personal, for pure force is not personal. The original cause must be aside and apart from the things caused. This is God—the cause of all causes. Creation proves this.

To think of the vast array of creation—from the stars and planets in the universe to the various forms of life—without concluding that some intelligent being planned, designed, and formed them, is blind and willful unbelief. It is like thinking there is no intelligent person responsible for every watch, car, radio, television, or any other human invention. If someone made all these things, certainly someone made the vast creations in space. The heavens do declare the glory of God. The firmament does show His handiwork (Psalm 19:1-6;). We can understand God by His creation (Romans 1:19-20; Job 12:7-25; Job 38:1-41:34).

2.Design. The design and purpose of all creation proves an intelligent Designer to order and direct all things to useful ends. Nature without God would be like a lifeless corpse. It would be like a piece of complicated machinery without a designer, maker, and maintenance man. Who but God orders, arranges, and maintains the vast universe and all life in it to the minutest detail? Who causes the solar systems to run eternally in their own orbits and spheres without the slightest deviation from fixed laws? Just as the Bible was not written and produced by the laws of spelling and grammar, but by intelligent minds according to those laws, so the universe was not created by the laws of nature, but by an intelligent Being who made all things and upholds them by His own power (Hebrews 1:3).

Consider snow, for example. The average snow storm produces about 1 trillion crystals. Yet out of thousands of pictures of snow flakes catalogued, no two are exactly alike. Only an intelligent Being could design so many forms. Each flake has 6 points crossing at a 60 degree angle. If one is like a fern it has 6 outpointing leaves; if like a windmill, it has 6 sails; if like a starfish, 6 ribs; or if like a fir tree, 6 stems with plumes set in perfect symmetry. This makes 3 distinct triangles to each flake. The Hebrew word for snow equals 333 (Hebrew letters stand for numbers). Couldn't God set His symbol of the Trinity in each flake? This same infinite design is carried out with every detail of creation, proving an infinite mind. If design is seen in such details as snow, how much more are they seen in larger and more visible creations in the earth and heavens?

3.Intuition. This means direct, inborn, self-conscious, sense-perception knowledge; comprehension without effort or reasoning; instinctive knowledge. All men have an intuitive belief in God. Some have so ignored and stifled such natural faith by unnatural and destructive efforts that they no longer recognize it. However, in times of sudden danger and in the face of difficulties they automatically call out to God for help. This proves the intuition is still there, but suppressed. Such faith is as much a part of man's faculties as breathing, eating, drinking, etc. It is as natural as the instinct of a chicken out of the shell who starts to peck in the sand for something to eat, or a calf who knows where to get its first milk. The calf doesn't peck the sand and a chicken would never go to a cow for milk. Nothing in nature has to be educated to act according to its own special nature. So man does not have to learn that there is a God. He knows intuitively that there is one and that in Him he lives, moves, and has his own being (Acts 17:22-28).

4.Nature. Man's moral and spiritual nature knows there is a God who approves or condemns all acts of right or wrong. Conscience is the voice of God in man. Moral law makes him a responsible creature and requires him to consecrate himself to fulfilling the highest good of being and of the universe. The belief that there is not a God or moral nature is a lie. It lives in constant respect and fear of the pleasure or displeasure of Him. Man's native obligation to moral law implies a moral Lawgiver and moral Governor of the universe. Willing or unwilling, man lives in the sense of such a Presence in his life and conduct. Conscience does not lay down the law but it recognizes it. Thus man's moral and intellectual being proves the existence of God to whom he is responsible.

5.Universal Hunger. Physical hunger argues and demands something to satisfy it. When a man hungers for God, that hunger likewise argues and demands someone to satisfy it. All men hunger for spiritual satisfaction and long for a Savior to deliver them from the ills and curses of life. There must be a supreme Being capable of meeting this universal craving when men turn to Him and meet His terms of reconciliation and fellowship (John 3:16-20; 2 Cor. 5:17-21; 2 Cor. 6:14-18; 1 John 1:1-9)

6.Harmony. To believe in the existence of God is the only natural, practical, beneficial, satisfying, factual, necessary, and Scriptural way to believe. When one has the key that will unlock a door he knows he has the right key. Even so, when one has the answer to every question, the explanation for every mystery, the satisfaction to every hunger and desire, the answer to the perplexing problems of the past, present, and future—he knows that he is right in believing there is a God. Atheism doesn't solve a single problem. It makes lies of nature, creation, the Bible, and God, and leaves helpless and floundering man a victim of misery and despair.

7.History. The record of events in all history gives overwhelming evidence of the existence and providence of God—in the rise and fall of nations, the preservation of races, the government of peoples, and innumerable events which had no natural or possible explanation other than the acts of a supernatural Being called God. Multitudes of men have been blessed by Him and redeemed from lives of sin and shame. Some have seen God with the natural eyes. Others have had visions and revelations from Him. Still others have known God in an intimate and personal way. These millions of actual contacts and experiences cannot be denied. Healings, miracles, deliverances, and real contacts with God have revolutionized individual lives and whole nations countless times. To deny the existence of God is as foolish as to deny the existence of creation, electricity, heat, light, cold, and innumerable other things, seen and unseen. Multitudes today can testify of changed lives by faith in God, answers to prayer, and personal experiences of many kinds. While this is true among Christians, not one infidel, agnostic, or atheist can boast of any benefit whatsoever from his unbelief. The acid test of Christianity and atheism is the actual benefits of their converts.

8.Scriptures. The Bible begins by assuming the existence of God and His creation of all things (Genesis 1:1; Job 38-40). In over 20,000 statements about God in Scripture we get to know all that we need to know about the subject. 

e[God]

Twenty-two Attributes of God

1.A Spirit Being with a personal spirit body, soul, and spirit through
   which He manifests Himself.
2.Invisibility.
3.Immortality.
4.Eternality.
5.Infiniteness: in presence (1 Kings 8:27); power (Matthew 28:18); acts
   (Matthew 19:26); in time (Deut. 33:27; Psalm 90:2; Isaiah 57:15);
   knowledge (Romans 11:33); and in greatness (Psalm 145:3).
6.Oneness—in unity with others of the Godhead (see The Trinity).
7.Omnipotence (all powerful, Rev. 19:6). God can do all things consistent
   with His nature and plan, but He cannot lie or act contrary to Himself
   and the best good of all.
8.Omnipresence (not omnibody, 1 Kings 8:27; Psalm 139:7-12).
   Presence is not governed by physical contact, but by knowledge and
   relationship (Matthew 18:20; Matthew 28:20; cp. 1 Cor. 5:3-4).
   God's body is not omnipresent, for it is only at one place at one time
   like others (Genesis 3:8; Genesis 11:5; Genesis 18:1-8,33; Genesis
   19:24; Genesis 32:24-32), but His presence can be realized any place
   where men know Him and seek Him (Matthew 18:20).
9.Omniscience (all-knowing) as far as His nature, plan, and work are
   concerned (Romans 11:33). As to free moral agents, God learns
   certain things about them (Genesis 6:5-7; Genesis 11:5-7; Genesis
   18:21; Genesis 22:12; 2 Chron. 16:9; Job 12:22; Job 24:23; Psalm
    7:9; Psalm 44:21; Psalm 139:1-6; Proverbs 24:12; Jeremiah 17:10;
    Ezekiel 11:5; Zech. 4:10; 2 Cor. 2:10-11; Romans 8:27; 1 Thes. 2:4).
    God sends messengers on innumerable errands to help Him carry on
    His rulership of all things (Daniel 10:13-21; Daniel 11:1; Daniel 12:1;
    Zech. 1:7-11; Zech. 6:1-8; Matthew 18:10-11; Hebrews 1:14). He
    permits free moral agents freedom of action as to their conduct and
    destiny.
10.Life (Jeremiah 10:10; John 5:26; 1 Thes. 1:9; Hebrews 7:16; Rev.
     11:11).
11.Self-existence (Exodus 3:14; Exodus 6:3; John 1:4; John 5:26).
12.Immutability (Psalm 102:27; Malachi 3:6; 2 Tim. 2:13; Hebrews 6:18;
     James 1:17). He is immutable as to His plan for the highest good of
     being and of the universe. His plan includes change of methods or
     ways to save as many men as possible. For example, when He
     abolished the law of Moses it was no change in God's plan, but
     rather the execution of that plan (2 Cor. 3:6-15; Galatians 3:19-25;
     Galatians 4:21-34; Hebrews 7:11-10:18). When man fell and He had
     to send Christ, it was simply the fulfillment of the plan (Genesis 3:15;
     Galatians 3:13-14; Galatians 4:4-5). The plan was made to be
     executed when obedience was rendered and terms met. When the
     terms are not met, it is not failure or change with God, but with
     man.
13.Perfection (Deut. 32:4; Psalm 18:30; Matthew 5:48). If any
     imperfection is noted in creation or redemption it is sin and rebellion in
     free moral agents that have caused it. God does not change His
     original plan of creation and redemption. He plans to redeem and
     restore all creation (except rebels) to perfection (Acts 3:21; Ephes.
     1:10; 1 Cor. 15:24-28; Rev. 21-22).
14.Truth—the perfect harmony of God's Word (Deut. 32:4; John 17:3;
     1 John 5:20).
15.Wisdom (Romans 11:33; 1 Tim. 1:17).
16.Love by which God communicates to others His infinite goodness
     (John 3:16; Romans 15:30; 1 John 4:8).
17.Holiness—absolute purity of nature (Exodus 15:11; Isaiah 6:3;
     1 Peter 1:16).
18.Righteousness—holiness in action. All His acts are right (Romans
     3:21-31; Hebrews 12:5-12; 1 John 1:9).
19.Faithfulness—absolutely trustworthy (1 Cor. 10:13; 2 Cor. 1:20;
     Hebrews 6:18).
20.Mercifulness, which is divine goodness manifest to relieve His creation
     of misery and suffering (Romans 12:1-2; 2 Cor. 1:2; Titus 3:5).
21.Goodness—divine goodness by which life is preserved and mercy
     extended (Matthew 5:45; Acts 14:17; Romans 2:4).
22.Providence. God cares for and provides for all creation (Job 38:41).

All these attributes require a concept of God as having a soul with feelings, emotions, passions, and desires; as having a spirit of intelligence, will, self-consciousness, and self-determination; and as having a spirit body through which these faculties are manifested.

f[corrupt, they have done abonimable works]

Twelve Characteristics of Fools

 1.Deny the existence of God
 2.Live corrupt lives
 3.Do abominable works
 4.Are without understanding (Psalm 14:2)
 5.Ignore God—do not seek Him
 6.Are not good, not one (Psalm 14:1,3)
 7.Have all gone astray from God (Psalm 14:3)
 8.Have become filthy in life
 9.Live in ignorance of God (Psalm 14:4)
10.Destroy God's people
11.Never pray
12.Oppress the poor (Psalm 14:5)

g[there is none that doeth good] Quoted in Romans 3:10-12.